Table 2. The means (±SD) of PAIN VAS, maximum isometric muscle strength and circumference in two groups.
Measure Moxi Group(n=23) Control Group(n=25) Mixed-MethodsAnalysis, P Independent-sample t testMoxi vs Control
Pain VAS
Baseline .00 0.00 .111
Immediate 1.82 (1.54) 1.64 (1.38) .792
Per-24 3.35 (.93) 3.71 (1.26) .092
Post-24 3.29 (1.20) * 4.11 (1.36) .006
Per-48 2.91 (1.33) 3.24 (1.16) .637
Post-48 2.89 (1.36) 3.21 (1.17) .382
72 1.41 (.79) * 1.99 (1.01) .030
Maximum Isometric Muscle Strength
Baseline 51.59 (12.31) 58.27 (14.52) .062
Immediate 44.69 (13.73) 43.04 (15.55) .019
Per-24 43.13 (13.64) 43.11 (16.21) .170
Post-24 36.74 (10.98) 38.97 (15.58) .345
Per-48 41.66 (13.85) 40.56 (16.31) .102
Post-48 39.19 (13.43) 37.01 (15.33) .062
72 46.84 (15.19) 43.11 (19.37) .053
Circumference (cm)
Baseline 25.76 (2.07) 25.72 (2.11) .805
Immediate 26.08 (2.00) 26.16 (2.14) .323
Per-24 25.90 (1.99) 26.00 (2.11) .422
Post-24 25.91 (1.989 25.97 (2.10) .747
Per-48 25.94 (1.97) 25.94 (2.08) .644
Post-48 25.92 (1.90) 25.84 (1.92) .345
72 25.92 (1.93) 26.05 (2.06) .223
* = p < 0.05 (comparison between group).
Control = control group, Moxi = moxibustion group. Mixed-methods analysis was the global test indicating differences within and between groups. Post hoc testing was performed with unpaired t tests by comparing change since baseline between groups. immediate = immediately after DOMS induction, per- = per-treatment, post- = post-treatment, 24 = 24 hours after DOMS induction, 48 = 48 hours after DOMS induction, 72 = 72 hours after DOMS induction, Pain VAS =Pain Visual Analog Scale, MIMS= maximum isometric muscle strength. ANOVA =Analysis of Variance.