Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2003 ) 02 , 1 - 9

Review article
Nurturing Sport Expertise: Factors Influencing the Development of Elite Athlete
Joseph Baker , Sean Horton, Jennifer Robertson-Wilson, Michael Wall
Author Information
School of Physical and Health Education Queen’s University, Canada

Joseph Baker
✉ School of Physical and Health Education, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada
Email: 9jrb@qlink.queensu.ca
Publish Date
Received: 16-09-2002
Accepted: 21-11-2002
Published (online): 01-03-2003
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ABSTRACT

The development of expertise in sport is the result of successful interaction of biological, psychological, and sociological constraints. This review examines the training and environmental factors that influence the acquisition of sport expertise. Research examining the quality and quantity of training indicate that these two elements are crucial predictors of attainment. In addition, the possession of resources such as parental support and adequate coaching are essential. Social factors such as cultural influences and the relative age effect are also considered as determinants of sport expertise. Although it is evident that environmental factors are essential to the acquisition of high levels of sport development, further research is clearly required.

Key words: Parents, coaching, practice, skill-acquisition


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