Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine


Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968
       SCImago 2016     SJR: 0.981   Cites per Doc. 2-Year: 2.04    3-Year: 2.17
JCReports 2016
    IF 2-Year: 1.797    3-Year: 1.970    5-Year: 2.061    Average Citations PI: 7.7
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2017) 16, 474 - 479
Research article
Preventive and Regenerative Foam Rolling are Equally Effective in Reducing Fatigue-Related Impairments of Muscle Function following Exercise
Johannes Fleckenstein1,2,, Jan Wilke1, Lutz Vogt1, Winfried Banzer1

1 Department of Sports Medicine, Institute of Sports Sciences, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
2 Department of TCM/Acupuncture, Institute of Complementary Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Johannes Fleckenstein
✉ Department of Sports Medicine, Institute of Sports Sciences, Goethe University, Ginnheimer Landstr. 39, D-60487 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

26-08-2017 -- Accepted: 11-09-2017 --
Published (online): 01-12-2017


Objectives of the study were to compare the effects of a single bout of preventive or regenerative foam rolling (FR) on exercise-induced neuromuscular exhaustion. Single-centre randomised-controlled study was designed. Forty-five healthy adults (22 female; 25±2 yrs) were allocated to three groups: 1) FR of the lower limb muscles prior to induction of fatigue, 2) FR after induction of fatigue, 3) no-treatment control. Neuromuscular exhaustion was provoked using a standardized and validated functional agility short-term fatigue protocol. Main outcome measure was the maximal isometric voluntary force of the knee extensors (MIVF). Secondary outcomes included pain and reactive strength (RSI). Preventive (-16%) and regenerative FR (-12%) resulted in a decreased loss in MIVF compared to control (-21%; p < 0.001) five minutes after exhaustion. Post-hoc tests indicated a large-magnitude, non-significant trend towards regenerative foam rolling to best restore strength (Cohen’s d > 0.8, p < 0.1). Differences over time (p < 0.001) between groups regarding pain and RSI did not turn out to be clinically meaningful. A single bout of foam rolling reduces neuromuscular exhaustion with reference to maximal force production. Regenerative rather than preventive foam rolling seems sufficient to prevent further fatigue.

Key words: Rehabilitation, self-myofascial release, manual medicine, pain therapy, sports medicine, neuromuscular fatigue
Key Points
Foam rolling directly affects muscular structures following exhaustion.
The effects are independent of the time of intervention (whether pre or post to the load).
Regenerative foam rolling seems adequate to elicit beneficial effects.
Foam rolling could be helpful in preventing sports-related muscular injury.



Article Tools
How to Cite
Citations in ScholarGoogle 
Article views from publication date
Abstract :1252
Full-text :768
Pdf :125
Total :2145
New content alert
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2017 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher
It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind
of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.