Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2017 ) 16 , 383 - 390

Research article
Do Maximal Roller Skiing Speed and Double Poling Performance Predict Youth Cross-Country Skiing Performance?
Roland Stöggl1,2,3,4, , Erich Müller1, Thomas Stöggl1
Author Information
1 Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
2 The Salzburg University of EducationStefan Zweig, Salzburg, Austria
3 Nordic Ski Middle School Saalfelden, Salzburg, Austria
4 Schigymnasium Saalfelden, Salzburg, Austria

Roland Stöggl
✉ Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
Email: roland.stoeggl@phsalzburg.at
Publish Date
Received: 28-04-2017
Accepted: 04-07-2017
Published (online): 08-08-2017
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ABSTRACT

The aims of the current study were to analyze whether specific roller skiing tests and cycle length are determinants of youth cross-country (XC) skiing performance, and to evaluate sex specific differences by applying non-invasive diagnostics. Forty-nine young XC skiers (33 boys; 13.8 ± 0.6 yrs and 16 girls; 13.4 ± 0.9 yrs) performed roller skiing tests consisting of both shorter (50 m) and longer durations (575 m). Test results were correlated with on snow XC skiing performance (PXC) based on 3 skating and 3 classical distance competitions (3 to 6 km). The main findings of the current study were: 1) Anthropometrics and maturity status were related to boys’, but not to girls’ PXC; 2) Significant moderate to acceptable correlations between girls’ and boys’ short duration maximal roller skiing speed (double poling, V2 skating, leg skating) and PXC were found; 3) Boys’ PXC was best predicted by double poling test performance on flat and uphill, while girls’ performance was mainly predicted by uphill double poling test performance; 4) When controlling for maturity offset, boys’ PXC was still highly associated with the roller skiing tests. The use of simple non-invasive roller skiing tests for determination of PXC represents practicable support for ski clubs, schools or skiing federations in the guidance and evaluation of young talent.

Key words: Adolescents, cycle length, cycle rate, diagnostics, maturity, roller skiing, validity


           Key Points
  • Double poling tests on flat and uphill terrain and short duration maximal speed tests were the highest cross-country skiing predicting factors in girls and boys.
  • Only in the boys there was an effect of maturation on the performance outcomes, pointing out that girls seem to be almost fully matured at the age of 13 in contrast to the boys.
  • Roller skiing tests over short distance (50-m) and longer distance 225 m and 350 m are stable and valid measures and suitable for performance prediction in youth cross-country skiers.
 
 


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