Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2017 ) 16 , 333 - 342

Research article
The Effects Combining Cryocompression Therapy following an Acute Bout of Resistance Exercise on Performance and Recovery
William H. DuPont1, Brek J. Meuris2, Vincent H. Hardesty1, Emily C. Barnhart1, Landon H. Tompkins2, Morricia J.P. Golden1, Clayton J. Usher2, Paul A. Spence2, Lydia K. Caldwell1, Emily M. Post1, Matthew K. Beeler1, William J. Kraemer1, 
Author Information
1 Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus OH, USA
2 Aquilo Sports, Louisville KY, USA

William J. Kraemer
‚úČ PhD Department of Human Sciences, The Ohio State University, A054 PAES Building, 305 Annie & John Glenn Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Email: kraemer.44@osu.edu
Publish Date
Received: 24-04-2016
Accepted: 20-06-2017
Published (online): 08-08-2017
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ABSTRACT

Compression and cold therapy used separately have shown to reduce negative effects of tissue damage. The combining compression and cold therapy (cryocompression) as a single recovery modality has yet to be fully examined. To examine the effects of cryocompression on recovery following a bout of heavy resistance exercise, recreationally resistance trained men (n =16) were recruited, matched, and randomly assigned to either a cryocompression group (CRC) or control group (CON). Testing was performed before and then immediately after exercise, 60 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours after a heavy resistance exercise workout (barbell back squats for 4 sets of 6 reps at 80% 1RM, 90 sec rest between sets, stiff legged deadlifts for 4 sets of 8 reps at 1.0 X body mass with 60 sec rest between sets, 4 sets of 10 eccentric Nordic hamstring curls, 45 sec rest between sets). The CRC group used the CRC system for 20-mins of cryocompression treatment immediately after exercise, 24 hours, and 48 hours after exercise. CON sat quietly for 20-mins at the same time points. Muscle damage [creatine kinase], soreness (visual analog scale, 0-100), pain (McGill Pain Q, 0-5), fatigue, sleep quality, and jump power were significantly (p < 0.05) improved for CRC compared to CON at 24 and 48 hours after exercise. Pain was also significantly lower for CRC compared to CON at 60-mins post exercise. These findings show that cryocompression can enhance recovery and performance following a heavy resistance exercise workout.

Key words: Muscle damage, physical performance, strength training, fatigue, resilience


           Key Points
  • The combination of circulatory cooling and compression technology enhances recovery from heavy resistance exercise.
  • Sleep quality is enhanced following the use of cyo-compression when compared to typical no intervention control conditions following heavy resistance exercise.
  • Muscle damage markers, pain and soreness markers are improved with cryocompression when compared to no interventional control conditions following heavy resistance exercise.
 
 


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